The FDA approved Afinitor Disperz (everolimus tablets for oral suspension), which is a new pediatric dosage form of the anti-cancer drug Afinitor (everolimus) used to treat a rare brain tumor called subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA). Afinitor Disperz is the first approved pediatric-specific dosage form developed for the treatment of pediatric tumor.
Afinitor Disperz is recommended to treat patients aged 1 year and older with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) who are diagnosed with SEGA that cannot be treated with surgery. Prior to this approval, Afinitor was recommended for use only in patients aged 3 years and above.
Afinitor Disperz is available in smaller dose increments than the adult dosage form, Afinitor. It also dissolves easily in a small volume of water, making it easy to administer to patients who are unable to swallow the whole tablets to take their medication.
Updated safety and efficacy data was provided by the drug’s manufacturer, Novartis, from the single-arm study of 28 pediatric patients used to support the drug’s accelerated approval in 2010 for the treatment of SEGA in patients with TSC. The company also supplied new information from a more recent study of 117 pediatric and adult patients who were randomly assigned to take Afinitor or placebo daily. Results showed that 35% of patients treated with Afinitor experienced tumor shrinkage, compared with none who were treated with placebo.
Afinitor Disperz should only be used in patients with TSC who require treatment for SEGA that cannot be surgically removed. The most common side effects observed in patients with SEGA were mouth ulcers and respiratory tract infections.
TSC is a rare genetic disease that causes tumors to grow in the brain and other vital organs. SEGA is a slow-growing tumor that can cause life-threatening complications by blocking the flow of fluid in the brain. It is considered a major diagnostic feature of TSC and is seen in 6-9% of patients, generally pediatric and young adult patients.
Everolimus, the active ingredient in Afinitor and Afinitor Disperz, blocks the uncontrolled activity of a protein called the mTOR kinase, which plays a critical role in the development and growth of SEGA tumors occurring in patients with TSC.
Afinitor and Afinitor Disperz remain under accelerated approval for the treatment of SEGA in patients with TSC. Studies are ongoing to further evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of Afinitor and Afinitor Disperz in pediatric and adult patients with SEGA.
Afinito was previously approved by the FDA to treat adults with advanced renal cell carcinoma that had progressed after treatment with other cancer therapies (2009); adults with progressive advanced neuroendocrine tumors of pancreatic origin (2011); adults with TSC who have renal angiomyolipomas not requiring immediate surgery (2012); and for use in combination with Aromasin (exmestane) to treat certain postmenopausal women with advanced hormone-receptor positive, HER2-negative breast cancer (2012).
Novartis is based in East Hanover, N.J.